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Top 10 Cyber Breaches that Shook Africa in 2023 and How to Build Fortresses in 2024


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As the winds of technological advancement sweep across Africa, so too do the shadows of cyber threats. 2023 witnessed a surge in cyberattacks across the continent, targeting businesses, government institutions, and individuals alike.

These breaches served as stark reminders of the vulnerabilities inherent in our increasingly interconnected world and the urgent need for robust cybersecurity measures.

Top 10 Cyber Breaches that Rocked Africa in 2023:

  1. RSAWEB Cyberattack (February 2023): South Africa’s leading internet service provider fell victim to a ransomware attack, forcing service outages and disrupting communications for thousands of users.
  2. Interswitch Data Breach (April 2023): A Nigerian payment processing giant suffered a data breach, potentially exposing the financial information of millions of customers across Africa.
  3. Kenya Revenue Authority Breach (May 2023): Hackers infiltrated the Kenyan tax authority’s systems, accessing sensitive taxpayer data and raising concerns about government cybersecurity protocols.
  4. MTN Uganda Mobile Money Hack (June 2023): A cyberattack targeted MTN Uganda’s mobile money platform, potentially compromising the financial data and mobile wallets of millions of users.
  5. South African Reserve Bank Phishing Attack (July 2023): A sophisticated phishing attack targeted the South African Reserve Bank, highlighting the evolving tactics of cybercriminals.
  6. Nigerian National Identity Management Commission Breach (August 2023): Hackers accessed the database of the Nigerian National Identity Management Commission, putting the personal information of millions of citizens at risk.
  7. Ethiopian Airlines Cyberattack (September 2023): The national airline of Ethiopia faced a cyberattack that disrupted its booking system and caused flight delays.
  8. Mauritius Revenue Authority Ransomware Attack (October 2023): The Mauritian tax authority’s systems were encrypted by ransomware, demanding a hefty ransom and disrupting tax collection processes.
  9. Ghanaian Electoral Commission Data Breach (November 2023): A data breach at the Ghanaian Electoral Commission raised concerns about the security of election data and potential manipulation.
  10. Nigerian Telecoms Giant Glo Mobile Phishing Campaign (December 2023): A widespread phishing campaign targeted Glo Mobile customers, attempting to steal login credentials and financial information.

These breaches illustrate the diverse targets and tactics employed by cybercriminals in Africa. From ransomware attacks demanding millions to phishing campaigns designed to steal personal information, no organization or individual is immune to the threat.

10 Best Measures to Fortify Your Defenses in 2024:

  1. Prioritize Software Updates: Regularly update software and firmware across all devices to patch vulnerabilities and eliminate entry points for attackers.
  2. Implement Strong Security Protocols: Employ robust encryption, multi-factor authentication, and secure communication protocols to safeguard sensitive data.
  3. Educate Employees and Users on Cybersecurity: Train employees and users on cyber hygiene practices, including identifying phishing attacks and avoiding suspicious links.
  4. Conduct Regular Security Audits: Regularly assess your cybersecurity posture and identify potential vulnerabilities before hackers exploit them.
  5. Invest in Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems: Implement advanced security solutions to monitor for suspicious activity and prevent cyberattacks.
  6. Secure Your Supply Chain: Collaborate with vendors and partners to implement robust security measures throughout the supply chain.
  7. Backup Your Data Regularly: Regularly back up your data to ensure you can recover from cyberattacks or accidental data loss.
  8. Stay Informed about Cyber Threats: Embrace continuous learning by keeping updated on the latest cyber threats, hacking tactics, and vulnerabilities through news reports, security blogs, and industry webinars.
  9. Embrace a Zero-Trust Security Model: Move beyond traditional perimeter defenses and implement a zero-trust security model, assuming no one within the network is inherently trustworthy and requiring continuous verification for access.
  10. Collaborate and Share Information: The fight against cybercrime requires a united front. Encourage collaboration and information sharing within your industry, with government agencies, and with cybersecurity experts.


By adopting these measures and fostering a culture of cybersecurity awareness, we can build stronger digital fortresses across Africa. Let us turn 2024 into a year not of cyber breaches, but of cyber resilience, where innovation thrives alongside robust security safeguards.

Remember, cybersecurity is not a one-time fix; it’s an ongoing journey of learning, adapting, and evolving. Let’s embark on this journey together, building a secure and vibrant digital future.

Ouaissou DEMBELE
Ouaissou DEMBELEhttps://cybercory.com
Ouaissou DEMBELE is an accomplished cybersecurity professional and the Editor-In-Chief of cybercory.com. He has over 10 years of experience in the field, with a particular focus on Ethical Hacking, Data Security & GRC. Currently, Ouaissou serves as the Co-founder & Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at Saintynet, a leading provider of IT solutions and services. In this role, he is responsible for managing the company's cybersecurity strategy, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations, and identifying and mitigating potential threats, as well as helping the company customers for better & long term cybersecurity strategy. Prior to his work at Saintynet, Ouaissou held various positions in the IT industry, including as a consultant. He has also served as a speaker and trainer at industry conferences and events, sharing his expertise and insights with fellow professionals. Ouaissou holds a number of certifications in cybersecurity, including the Cisco Certified Network Professional - Security (CCNP Security) and the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), ITIL. With his wealth of experience and knowledge, Ouaissou is a valuable member of the cybercory team and a trusted advisor to clients seeking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.


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