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When Your Boss Isn’t Who They Seem: The Urgent Need for Employee Cybersecurity Awareness


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The recent case of a Hong Kong finance worker defrauded of $25 million after a deepfake video call highlights a chilling reality: even sophisticated organizations are vulnerable to cyberattacks that exploit human trust.

This incident serves as a stark reminder of the critical need for robust employee cybersecurity awareness training, particularly in today’s increasingly sophisticated threat landscape.

The Hong Kong Deepfake Debacle:

A finance worker at a multinational firm in Hong Kong participated in a seemingly routine video call with colleagues, including his company’s London-based Chief Financial Officer (CFO). Unbeknownst to him, the CFO and other participants were meticulously crafted deepfakes – realistic AI-generated simulations created using the victims’ own colleagues’ images and voices. Through social engineering tactics and fabricated urgency, the fake CFO instructed the employee to make numerous bank transfers, resulting in a staggering financial loss.

Beyond Technical Solutions:

This incident transcends the realm of traditional cybersecurity measures. While firewalls and encryption are crucial, they cannot shield against attacks that manipulate human trust and exploit knowledge gaps. The Hong Kong case underscores the critical role of employee awareness: empowering employees to identify suspicious activity, verify information, and avoid falling prey to social engineering tactics.

10 Steps to Bolster Employee Cybersecurity Awareness:

  1. Regular phishing simulations: Conduct regular simulated phishing attacks to test and improve employee vigilance.
  2. Comprehensive training: Provide clear and engaging training on common cyber threats, social engineering tactics, and safe online practices.
  3. Password hygiene: Emphasize strong, unique passwords and multi-factor authentication for all accounts.
  4. Verify before acting: Encourage employees to verify instructions, especially urgent requests, through established channels.
  5. Beware of suspicious links: Train employees to identify and avoid suspicious links and attachments, even from seemingly familiar sources.
  6. Open communication: Foster a culture of open communication where employees can report suspicious activity without fear of repercussions.
  7. Keep systems updated: Ensure devices and software are always updated with the latest security patches.
  8. Limit data sharing: Train employees on responsible data sharing practices and minimize access to sensitive information.
  9. Stay informed: Encourage employees to stay informed about evolving cyber threats by subscribing to reliable security updates.
  10. Invest in awareness programs: Continuously invest in and update employee cybersecurity awareness programs for long-term effectiveness.


The Hong Kong deepfake incident serves as a wake-up call for organizations worldwide. In the face of ever-evolving cyber threats, technical solutions alone are not enough. By prioritizing employee cybersecurity awareness, organizations can empower their workforce to become a vital line of defense against sophisticated attacks. Remember, a cyber-savvy workforce is a resilient workforce, and together we can build a more secure digital future.

Ouaissou DEMBELE
Ouaissou DEMBELEhttps://cybercory.com
Ouaissou DEMBELE is an accomplished cybersecurity professional and the Editor-In-Chief of cybercory.com. He has over 10 years of experience in the field, with a particular focus on Ethical Hacking, Data Security & GRC. Currently, Ouaissou serves as the Co-founder & Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at Saintynet, a leading provider of IT solutions and services. In this role, he is responsible for managing the company's cybersecurity strategy, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations, and identifying and mitigating potential threats, as well as helping the company customers for better & long term cybersecurity strategy. Prior to his work at Saintynet, Ouaissou held various positions in the IT industry, including as a consultant. He has also served as a speaker and trainer at industry conferences and events, sharing his expertise and insights with fellow professionals. Ouaissou holds a number of certifications in cybersecurity, including the Cisco Certified Network Professional - Security (CCNP Security) and the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), ITIL. With his wealth of experience and knowledge, Ouaissou is a valuable member of the cybercory team and a trusted advisor to clients seeking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.


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