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HomeTopics 2Encryption & CryptographyA Tiny Threat: Raspberry Pi Pico Cracks BitLocker in 43 Seconds, Raising...

A Tiny Threat: Raspberry Pi Pico Cracks BitLocker in 43 Seconds, Raising Security Concerns


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A recent demonstration by YouTuber stacksmashing sent shockwaves through the cybersecurity community – he managed to bypass BitLocker encryption on a Windows laptop in just 43 seconds using a readily available Raspberry Pi Pico microcontroller.

This exploit highlights a critical vulnerability in how some laptops handle BitLocker’s key exchange with TPM chips, raising concerns for users and prompting questions about responsible disclosure.

Inside the Exploit:

Stacksmashing’s demonstration focused on exploiting a specific vulnerability in how some laptops communicate with their Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chips during the BitLocker boot process. By attaching a Raspberry Pi Pico to the laptop’s motherboard, he intercepted and manipulated the key exchange, allowing him to extract the Volume Master Key and unlock the encrypted drive.

Beyond the Technicals:

While the technical details are intriguing for security professionals, the broader implications are crucial for everyone:

  • Widespread Impact: The vulnerability potentially affects various laptop models using specific TPM implementations.
  • Ease of Exploitation: The readily available Raspberry Pi Pico and publicly available tools lower the barrier for malicious actors.
  • Data at Risk: Successful exploitation could grant access to sensitive personal and business data.
  • Erosion of Trust: Breaches like this can erode trust in encryption solutions and deter their use.

10 Steps to Stay Secure:

While the vulnerability exists, proactive measures can mitigate risks:

  1. Update your BIOS/UEFI firmware: Patching known vulnerabilities can close the exploited communication channel.
  2. Enable Secure Boot with strong passwords: Secure Boot helps verify bootloaders and operating systems, adding an extra layer of security.
  3. Consider alternative encryption solutions: Explore additional encryption options that don’t rely solely on TPM chips.
  4. Be cautious of physical access: Limit physical access to your devices, especially while booted.
  5. Use strong passwords and multi-factor authentication: Strengthen your login credentials to add an extra barrier.
  6. Stay informed about evolving threats: Regularly check for security updates and advisories.
  7. Support responsible disclosure: Advocate for ethical vulnerability reporting and patching practices.
  8. Backup your data: Regularly back up your data to minimize potential losses.
  9. Report suspicious activity: If you suspect an attack, report it to the authorities and relevant vendors.
  10. Be vigilant: Cybersecurity is an ongoing process, stay informed and adapt your measures as needed.


The Raspberry Pi Pico exploit serves as a stark reminder that no system is foolproof. However, by following security best practices, staying informed, and advocating for responsible vulnerability disclosure, we can collectively strengthen our defenses and mitigate the risks posed by evolving cyber threats. Remember, vigilance and collective action are key to navigating the ever-changing cybersecurity landscape.

Ouaissou DEMBELE
Ouaissou DEMBELEhttps://cybercory.com
Ouaissou DEMBELE is an accomplished cybersecurity professional and the Editor-In-Chief of cybercory.com. He has over 10 years of experience in the field, with a particular focus on Ethical Hacking, Data Security & GRC. Currently, Ouaissou serves as the Co-founder & Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at Saintynet, a leading provider of IT solutions and services. In this role, he is responsible for managing the company's cybersecurity strategy, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations, and identifying and mitigating potential threats, as well as helping the company customers for better & long term cybersecurity strategy. Prior to his work at Saintynet, Ouaissou held various positions in the IT industry, including as a consultant. He has also served as a speaker and trainer at industry conferences and events, sharing his expertise and insights with fellow professionals. Ouaissou holds a number of certifications in cybersecurity, including the Cisco Certified Network Professional - Security (CCNP Security) and the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), ITIL. With his wealth of experience and knowledge, Ouaissou is a valuable member of the cybercory team and a trusted advisor to clients seeking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.


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