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Continental Security: European Commission Violation of Data Protection Laws When Using Microsoft 365


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The European Commission (EC), the governing body of the European Union (EU), was found to be in violation of EU data protection laws concerning its use of Microsoft 365.

This incident highlights the crucial need for robust data governance practices, even for public institutions entrusted with safeguarding citizen information.

A Breach of Trust: The European Commission’s Data Shortcomings

Following an investigation, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) identified several areas where the EC’s use of Microsoft 365 infringed upon the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR):

  • Inadequate Safeguards: The EC failed to implement sufficient safeguards to guarantee an equivalent level of data protection when transferring personal data outside the EU (specifically to US servers).
  • Unclear Data Handling: The Commission’s contracts with Microsoft lacked specific details regarding the types of personal data collected, its purpose, and the legal basis for such collection.
  • Widespread Impact: These violations potentially affect a significant amount of data processed by the EC, raising concerns about the security of sensitive information.

The Fallout: Repercussions and Remedial Measures

The EDPS imposed corrective measures on the EC, including:

  • Suspension of Data Transfers: The Commission was mandated to suspend all data transfers through Microsoft 365 until adequate safeguards are established.
  • Compliance Action Plan: The EC must develop a plan outlining how it will ensure compliance with GDPR regulations when utilizing cloud-based services.
  • Heightened Scrutiny: This incident serves as a stark reminder to all organizations, public and private, of the strict data protection requirements under the GDPR.

10 Recommendations for Secure Cloud Adoption

While the cloud offers numerous benefits, organizations must prioritize data security:

  1. Thorough Due Diligence: Conduct a comprehensive assessment of cloud service providers’ data security practices and compliance with relevant regulations.
  2. Data Residency Requirements: Select cloud service providers that offer data storage within the desired geographical regions to comply with data localization regulations.
  3. Strong Encryption: Implement robust encryption measures for data at rest and in transit to minimize the risk of unauthorized access.
  4. Access Controls: Enforce strict access controls to ensure only authorized personnel have access to sensitive data.
  5. Data Transfer Agreements: Establish clear contractual agreements with cloud service providers outlining data handling responsibilities and compliance with data protection laws.
  6. Employee Training: Educate employees on data security best practices and the importance of handling sensitive information responsibly.
  7. Regular Audits and Reviews: Conduct periodic audits and security assessments of cloud environments to identify and address potential vulnerabilities.
  8. Incident Response Plan: Develop a comprehensive plan outlining procedures for responding to data breaches and mitigating potential damage.
  9. Transparency and Communication: Be transparent with stakeholders regarding data handling practices and potential risks associated with cloud adoption.
  10. Stay Informed: Remain updated on evolving data protection regulations and adapt security measures accordingly.


The European Commission’s data protection lapses serve as a cautionary tale for all organizations leveraging cloud-based services. Prioritizing robust data governance practices, implementing strong security measures, and adhering to relevant regulations are crucial for safeguarding sensitive information. By adopting a security-conscious approach, organizations can harness the potential of the cloud while mitigating the associated data protection risks.

Ouaissou DEMBELE
Ouaissou DEMBELEhttps://cybercory.com
Ouaissou DEMBELE is an accomplished cybersecurity professional and the Editor-In-Chief of cybercory.com. He has over 10 years of experience in the field, with a particular focus on Ethical Hacking, Data Security & GRC. Currently, Ouaissou serves as the Co-founder & Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at Saintynet, a leading provider of IT solutions and services. In this role, he is responsible for managing the company's cybersecurity strategy, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations, and identifying and mitigating potential threats, as well as helping the company customers for better & long term cybersecurity strategy. Prior to his work at Saintynet, Ouaissou held various positions in the IT industry, including as a consultant. He has also served as a speaker and trainer at industry conferences and events, sharing his expertise and insights with fellow professionals. Ouaissou holds a number of certifications in cybersecurity, including the Cisco Certified Network Professional - Security (CCNP Security) and the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), ITIL. With his wealth of experience and knowledge, Ouaissou is a valuable member of the cybercory team and a trusted advisor to clients seeking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.


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